A Globe Valve, different from ball valve, is a type of valve used for regulating flow in a pipeline, consisting of a movable plug or disc element and a stationary ring seat in a generally spherical body.
Globe Valves are named for their spherical body shape with the two halves of the body being separated by an internal baffle. This has an opening that forms a seat onto which a movable plug can be screwed in to close (or shut) the valve. The plug is also called a disc or disk.
In Globe Valves, the plug is connected to a stem which is operated by screw action using a handwheel in manual valves. Typically, automated globe valves use smooth stems rather than threaded and are opened and closed by an actuator assembly.
All valves are designed to meet a designated internal permissible leak rate standard (FCI/ANSI). There are six (6) permissible leak rates or Classes numbered 1 through VI. The higher the leak rate number, the lower permissible internal leak rate.
Identifying the permissible internal leak rate for a valve has to be one of the top priorities when choosing the correct valve. A valve with a high leak rate, will cause excessive wear. The valves with a high leak rate will internally pass more medium and result in premature valve failure.
There are six different seat leakage classifications as defined by ANSI FCI 70-2.